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The Story of Paper

Started by Mechanic, April 15, 2015, 04:21:15 AM

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The paper mill at Velké Losiny appears on a coin (post 29 on page 2 of this thread) and also on a stamp (post 30 on page 3). In 2014 they produced a set of postcards highlighting the papermaking process. They are posted here in their numerical order. There are 15 cards in the set, but 3 of them show paper products and not the process so I have not posted them.

Preparation of paper stock

Hand forming of paper stock.

Hand forming of paper stock.



Surface sizing of paper.

Smoothening of individual sheets.

Classification of sheets.

Hand screw press.


Model of paper mill dumping device.

Forming sieves and format borders.

Model of paper manufacturing machine.

Paper manufacturing machine of VOITH company


Back to origins of papermaking

Bust of Cai Lun in the National Museum of China, Beijing.


Cai Lun Memorial Park was set up in 2001 in the city center of Leiyang, Hunan province.


A replica of Cai Lun, the man who created the modern paper-making process. His tomb, located in Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province, is also a museum.

At the front of Hanzhong's Cai Lun Paper Culture Museum is a grassy hill where Cai Lun was buried.

A painting at the Cai Lun Paper Culture Museum demonstrates the paper-making process.


Issued on 10 April 1990

Queen's Awards to Industry Stamps
These Royal Mail stamps were affixed to specially designed envelopes and postmarked on the first day that the stamps were issued.
Rush Mills (paper for Penny Black), Postmarked at Northampton


The Papermaker by Stephen Adam, c 1878, one of twenty stained glass windows made for Maryhill Burgh Halls depicting local trades and professions. This window shows a man at work in a papermill.

The paper making industry was established on the River Kelvin in 1690 at Woodside. In 1746 Edward Collins set up a paper mill at Kelvindale. The river did not have the constant flow of water he needed to power his mill and he relocated to Dalmuir, but Edward Collins & Sons returned to the area in 1840 after acquired a steam-powered paper mill at Balgray. The quality of the company's paper was widely praised.

James Macarthur & Co started another paper making business on the Kelvin around 1750, on the site now occupied by the Dalsholm Industrial Estate. The firm became a private limited company in 1890 before being taken over in 1934 and eventually becoming part of the Associated Paper Group.


Carrying on from post 32 on page 3.  The Paper Mill in Duszniki-Zdrój is one of the dozen surviving paper mills in Western Europe which still engage in the production of traditional, handmade paper.
Two more postcards from the museum


Another postcard, this one was for the 1914 World Exhibition for Book Trade & Graphics held in Liepzig
Heynsburger Mühle Leipzig Hand-Paper Making


A 19th century watercolour from Kashmir shows the preparation of the pulp and papermaking. 


China test banknotes - Four great inventions in ancient China - compass, printing, gunpowder & papermaking
This is the papermaking note.   Apologies for image, this is the best I could find


The Liebig Extract of Meat Company had paper in a series number S277 * NATURAL RESOURCES I - TRADE AND INDUSTRY (1890)

Other cards in this set show Clay, Coal, Wood, Cotton and Stone
The card shown is in German, but was also available in French and Italian.

Not a very good image of the back of the card, but is the best I could find. This card is in Italian


Louis-Nicolas Robert Invents the Papermaking Machine

The first papermaking machine was invented by the Frenchman, Nicholas-Louis Robert and patented on 9 September 1798. The principle by which Nicholas-Louis Robert's paper machine functioned is the same principle that modern papermaking machines are based upon: the paper is formed on an endless woven-wire cloth which retains the matted pulp fibers while at the same time allowing the superfluous water to drain through the mesh of the woven wire material.

Model of Robert's original invention reconstructed from the drawings that accompanied his French patent application of 1798


During the two world wars there was a shortage of coins and banknotes in Germany and Austria due to the expansion of German territories and there not being enough physical cash to meet the demand of new users. As a result of the cash shortage, the state bank allowed individual towns to cities to print their own banknotes and mint their own coins. They were called notgelds or "emergency money" which is the literal translation from German.

Issued on 15 August 1921 50 Pfennig note  (Blankenstein-Salle)

Wenn alle Lumpen aufder Welt man machte zu papiernem Geld, Dann war die Fabrik in Blankenstein, die wir hier sehen, viel zu kln = If all the rags in the world were made into paper money, then the factory in Blankenstein, which we see here, was much too small.

Reverse shows making paper by hand and a modern (by 1920's standards) paper making machine.

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